year 1, Issue 2 (6-2015)                   jicr 2015, 1(2): 46-48 | Back to browse issues page

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Farahani H, Rafiee M, Yoosefi P, Baderestani S. Hypercalciuria Incidence in Children, Central Province, Iran. jicr. 2015; 1 (2) :46-48
Abstract:   (984 Views)

Introduction: Hypercalciuria is defined as a urine calcium/creatinine ratio greater than 0.2, and can be a consequence of various disease states. A number of renal, endocrine and bone diseases can be related too. The aim of the present study was to study hypercalciuria incidence in children in the Central Province of Iran.

Methods: The present study evaluated random urine samples of 700 children, aged 5 to 15 yr old, who were residents of Arak City, central Iran, from different clusters. The clusters were chosen randomly. Sampling in each cluster was conducted by a simple method. The collected urine sample (5ml) was evaluated for calcium and creatinine. A urine calcium/creatinine ratio greater than 0.2 was considered as hypercalciuria.

Results: Our study identified 109 patients (15.6%) with hypercalciuria. Of the 289 female patients, 57 were identified to have hypercalciuria (19.7%), while of the 411 male subjects, 52 had hypercalciuria (12.7%), which suggests no significant relationship between hypercalciuria and gender.

Conclusion: A high prevalence of hypercalciuria (15.6%) can lead to multiple problems, especially in children, such as issues with growth, renal stones, sodium excretion, because of mineral salt consumption.

Full-Text [PDF 691 kb]   (280 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2015/10/25 | Accepted: 2015/10/25 | Published: 2015/10/25

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