Volume 1, Number 3 (9-2015)                   jicr 2015, 1(3): 91-96 | Back to browse issues page


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Associate professor Department of Parasitology, school of Medicine, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran
Abstract:   (594 Views)

Introduction: Toxoplasmosis is a worldwide disease that infects human and animals. The prevalence of acute toxoplasmosis in pregnant women in the world is between 0.1 and 0.8 percent. Acute toxoplasmosis can cause abortion and congenital disorders in fetus. Few studies have been conducted on the prevalence of neonatal toxoplasmosis in Iran. The purpose of this study was to obtain the overall situation of this disease in Iranian neonates.

Methods: PubMed, Googel scholar, Science Direct, Scopus, Medline, Medlib, Scientific Information Database (SID), IranMedex, IranDoc and Magiran were searched to find reports about prevalence data

among the neonates from 1980 to 2014.

Results: A total of 233 publications were found. After excluding the unrelated and duplicate articles, only 9 publications were found in relation to the prevalence of neonatal toxoplasmosis in Iran. These studies were done only in north and center of Iran. There was no data on congenital toxoplasmosis in other parts of Iran. In the reviewed studies, 3442 neonate samples (included neonates blood, cord blood and amniotic fluid) were screened for toxoplasmosis. Conclusion: Based on an estimated population of newborns in Iran, more newborns should be studied in different parts of Iran.

Full-Text [PDF 225 kb]   (549 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2015/11/8 | Accepted: 2016/03/15 | Published: 2016/03/15